Sahih Al-Bukhari – Volume 3 – Book 30 – P.79

  1. Narrated Ibn ‘Umar: The Prophet, peace be upon him,  observed the Saum (fast) on the 10th of Muharram (‘Ashura’), and ordered (Muslims) to observe Saum (fast) on that day, but when the fasting of the month of Ramadan was prescribed, the fasting of the ‘Ashura’ was abandoned. ‘Abdullah did not use to observe fast on that day unless it coincided with his routine fasting by chance.

 

  1. Narrated ‘Aishah: (The tribe of) Quraish used to observe Saum (fast) on the day of ‘Ashura’ in the Pre-Islamic Period, and then Allah’s Messenger, peace be upon him, ordered (Muslims) to observe Saum (fast) on it till the fasting in the month of Ramadan was prescribed; whereupon the Prophet, peace be upon him,  said, “He who wants to fast (on ‘Ashura’) may fast, and he who does not want to observe Saum (fast) may not fast.”

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