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Sahih Muslim – Vol.1 – Book IV – Chapter CLVIII – P.213

The reciting of Takbir at the time of bowing and rising in prayer except rising after Ruku when it is said: Allah listened to him who praised him

(764) Abu Salama reported: Abu Huraira led prayer for them and recited takbir (Allahu Akbar, Allah is the Greatest) when he bent and raised himself1 (in ruku and sujud) and after completing (the prayer) he said, “By Allah, I say prayer which has the best resemblance with the prayer of the Holy Prophet, peace be upon him, among you.”

(765) Abu Huraira reported:  When the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, got up for prayer, he would say takbir (Allahu Akbar) when standing, then say the takbir when bowing, then say: “Allah listened to him who praised him.” when coming to the erect position after bowing, then say while standing:  “To Thee, our Lord, be the praise.” then recite the takbir when getting down for prostration, then say the takbir on raising his head, then say the takbir on prostrating himself, then say the takbir on raising his head.  He would do that throughout the whole prayer till he would complete it, and he would say the takbir2 when he would get up at the end of two rak’as after adopting the sitting position.  Abu Huraira said: My prayer has the best resemblance among you with the prayer of the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him.

1 While going back to the standing position after ruku, it is not the takbir that is pronounced but these words are uttered: Sami Allahu li-man hamidah, meaning: “Allah listened to him who praised Him.” And with this, the words of Divine Praise are uttered:  Rabba-na wa lak-al-hamd, that is “Our Lord! all praise is due to Thee.”
The second exception to the utterance of takbir on a change of posture is at the completion of prayer when it is concluded with salutation (Assalmu alaykum wa rahmat Allah = peace be upon you and mercy of Allah).

2 Reciting takbir at the time of changing the postures in prayer is quite significant.  It implies that in prayer one should have full consciousness of the fact that Allah is the Greatest and He alone is to be adored, and man is His humble servant.

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